An increasing number of children are admitted to hospital each year, with serious injuries, as a result of falling from windows and balconies. These falls often occur in the child's own home, over the warmer months when families leave windows and doors to balconies, open both during the day and at night.
Children aged from one to five years are most at risk, as they are naturally curious, but lack the ability to recognise danger.
How are children injured?
How common are these injuries?
On average, each year 10 children are admitted to The Children’s Hospital at Westmead (CHW) after falling from a window. Almost all of these children fall from a window in their own home.
Of the children who have presented to CHW, approximately:
Children can fall out of a window which is open more than 12.5cm, even if a fly screen is present.
Are there legal requirements to prevent window falls?
New buildings in Australia
From 1 May 2013, The Australian Building Code states that any openable bedroom windows in new residential buildings, with a fall of two metres or more to the surface below, require protection to prevent children falling through them. This also applies to child care centres.
The Building Code of Australia states, that where a person, including a child, could fall through an openable window located more than two metres above a surface below, a balustrade or barrier must be constructed. The barrier or balustrade, which may be constructed as the wall beneath the window sill, or a fixed window pane, among other solutions, must be constructed with a height of not less than 86.5cm above the floor beneath the window. The code also states that any opening in the barrier must not allow a 12.5cm sphere (round ball) to pass through it.
A flow chart describing which windows this applies to, is available at: https://www.awa.org.au/documents/item/709
Strata buildings in NSW
By 13 March 2018, windows that have a fall of two metres or more in strata buildings must have safety devices fitted to allow window openings to be locked at 12.5cm.
The Strata Schemes Management Regulation 2010 (NSW), states that all strata buildings in NSW must be fitted with devices that enable their windows to be locked at 12.5cm when the devices are in use. This law applies to openable windows that have sills less than 1.7m above the inside floor and which are more than 2m above the floor level outside. Devices must be able to withstand an outward force of 250N.
Owner’s corporations must have devices installed on all common property windows above the ground floor.
Further information is available from NSW Fair Trading for Tenants and Home Owners. http://www.fairtrading.nsw.gov.au/ftw/Tenants_and_home_owners/Strata_schemes/Window_and_balcony_safety/Window_safety_device_requirements.page