If children aren't supervised closely in or around water, they can drown quickly in just a few centimetres of water.
Drowning is very quick and silent. Most parents and carers think they will hear if a child is drowning, but this isn’t true. A young child's head is heavy compared to the rest of their body, so they can’t lift themselves once they're under water.
Children can drown in swimming pools, baths, spas, dams, rivers, creeks, garden ponds, water features, buckets or any source of water.
Drowning is still one of the main causes of death in children under the age of five. Children who survive drowning can suffer long-term brain damage, developmental delays and other health problems.
Read our information on: swimming pool fencing, inflatable and portable pools (translated resources), floaties and pool toys safety, water safety in the bath and drowning prevention advocacy and campaigns.
How to perform CPR: See the basic life support fact sheets for children less than 12 months and for children over 12 months.
Accredited face-to-face first aid and CPR courses: St John Ambulance, Australian Red Cross, The Royal Life Saving Society NSW.